Félicitations à la Plateforme de Paix interreligieuse de Centrafrique

July 11, 2015

Mgr Dieudonné Nzapalainga et l’Imam Oumar Kobine Layama

Le Président de Caritas Centrafrique, Mgr Dieudonné Nzapalainga, et l’Imam Oumar Kobine Layama seront recompensés en tant que fondateurs de la Plateforme de Paix interreligieuse de Centrafrique. Ils recevront, en compagnie de leur collègue, le Pasteur Nicolas Guérékoyamémé-Gbangou le Prix Sergio Vieira de Mello.

Photo : Elodie Perriot/Secours Catholique.

Congratulations to the Central Africa Interfaith Peace Platform

July 11, 2015

Archbishop Dieudonné Nzapalainga, and Imam Oumar Kobine Layama.

Caritas Central Africa President, Archbishop Dieudonné Nzapalainga, and Imam Oumar Kobine Layama were chosen for the Sergio Vieira de Mello Award as founders of the Interfaith Peace Platform in the Central African Republic. They will receive the award along with their colleague Pastor Nicolas Guérékoyamémé-Gbangou.

Photo by Elodie Perriot/Secours Catholique.

Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle, President, Caritas Internationalis

July 10, 2015

Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle, Caritas Internationalis new President (elected May 2015) introduces Caritas Internationalis in his TV programme “The Word Exposed” produced by Jescom, the media arm of the Society of Jesus – Philippine Province http://www.jescom.ph.

Financing for Development in Addis Ababa: a crucial step for our future

July 10, 2015
Card Tagle

Cardinal Luis Antonio TAGLE, President, Caritas Internationalis.

The Financing for Development Conference in Addis Ababa in July is the first of three important high-level international meetings that will mark 2015. It will determine the international community’s level of financial commitment (reforms and resources) to combat poverty and inequality over the next 15 years.

It will be followed by adoption of the Post–2015 Development Agenda (including 17 Sustainable Development Goals) in New York in September 2015 and the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 21) in Paris in December 2015.

During these meetings, heads of state will have to show their determination to decide the future of our planet and put in place the three pillars of sustainable development: social, economic and environmental.

The ambition that world leaders will show at the Conference on Financing for Development is therefore vital for the success of the subsequent meetings. Without adequate resources for financing for development, the impact of the SDGs and possible agreement in Paris will be limited. Failure in Addis Ababa risks harming the international community’s political will ahead of the other key deadlines in 2015.

Do the world’s states really wish to make the economy and finance serve the full development of all of us and conservation of our natural resources? Will they allow all countries to participate in economic and financial decisions?

Or will states let private actors, who are more concerned about their short-term profits than the common good, to strengthen their grip on the world’s social and economic choices? Will the restricted enclaves reserved for the most powerful be favoured in deciding the fate of the entire world and its future?

Government representatives should go beyond national selfishness and short-term interests if they want to reach a satisfactory agreement to respect the dignity and participation of all states, especially the most fragile ones, and not endanger the discussions on sustainable development and the climate change.

In the preparatory documents, the gap is currently huge between the objectives aimed at (a transformative agenda, a changed economic and social model,…) and the solutions proposed (increased room for large companies, international rules defined by the most powerful countries,…).

On the one hand, the rich countries (mostly OECD members) want to appeal to the private sector on a massive scale to finance this agenda via incentives, and favour restricted decision-making spaces they themselves control (OECD, G20, international financial institutions,…) rather than more inclusive spaces (UN).

For example, they currently reject the idea that international tax regulations may be discussed and decided on within a UN framework, preferring the OECD from which the majority of countries are excluded. They therefore cannot assert their needs and expectations in order to be able to adequately mobilise their resources and effectively combat tax evasion. This is also the case with debt problems, an issue currently being dealt with by the Paris Club, which only brings together creditor countries.

For their part, the developing countries (primarily G77 members and China, amounting to 134 countries), supported by civil society organisations, are demanding more inclusive mechanisms within UN frameworks regarding global economic and financial governance.

Countries who want to attract investment will be reluctant  to put in place measures to guarantee respect of rights and the environment. Yet it is necessary to ensure that large companies, driven by their quest for large and quick profits, are compelled to respect social, cultural, environmental and fiscal norms to guarantee a real contribution to sustainable development.

There is a concern that the facilities granted to the private sector may lead to an economy dominated by finance with appalling consequences for countries whose banking supervision systems are still fragile. It is finance that should seek to serve achievement of the common good and not the other way round.

Debates clearly reflect the wish of rich countries to merge the Financing for Development policy with the wider Post-2015 Development Agenda. However, this political space centred on financing for Development is currently the only one that enables discussion of the global economic and financial architecture by bringing together the world’s states and stakeholders (the UN, international finance institutions,  the private sector, civil society).

Relegating this political process to the rank of sub-section of the Post-2015 Development Agenda amounts to making it gradually disappear to the benefit of not very inclusive frameworks such as the G20, the OECD and IFIs (the IMF and the World Bank).

Caritas Internationalis attaches great importance to the success of this conference at which states should commit themselves to financing the development of poor countries and putting in place fair and inclusive international rules that would enable equitable allocation of resources and prevent the unbridled activities of the private sector and speculative markets from having negative impacts on populations, primarily the most vulnerable ones, and the environment.

 

Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle

President of Caritas Internationalis

Financement du Développement à Addis-Abeba : étape cruciale pour notre futur

July 10, 2015
Card Tagle

Cardinal Luis Antonio TAGLE, Président de Caritas Internationalis.

La conférence d’Addis-Abeba sur le Financement du Développement en juillet est la première des trois grandes rencontres internationales de haut niveau qui marqueront 2015. Elle déterminera le niveau d’engagement financier (réformes et moyens) de la communauté internationale pour lutter contre la pauvreté et les inégalités dans les 15 années à venir.

Suivront l’adoption de l’agenda Post -2015 pour le développement durable (dont les 17 Objectifs du Développement Durable) à New York en septembre 2015 et la 21e Conférence des Parties de la Convention cadre des Nations Unies sur les Changements Climatiques (COP 21) pour le Climat à Paris en décembre 2015.

Lors de ces trois rencontres, les chefs d’Etat devront faire preuve de détermination pour décider du futur de notre planète et mettre en place les trois piliers du développement durable : social, économique et environnemental.

L’ambition qu’afficheront les dirigeants du monde lors de la conférence pour le Financement du Développement est donc cruciale pour la réussite de ces conférences. En effet, sans moyens adéquats pour le financement du développement, l’impact des ODD et d’un possible accord de Paris ne pourra être conséquent. De plus un échec à Addis Abeba risquerait d’entamer la volonté politique de la communauté internationale, avant les autres échéances majeures de 2015.

Les Etats du monde entier souhaiteront-ils remettre réellement l’économie et la finance au service de l’épanouissement de chacun et de la préservation de nos ressources naturelles ? Permettront-ils permettre à chaque pays de pouvoir participer aux décisions économiques et financières ?

Ou les Etats laisseront-ils des acteurs privés, plus soucieux de leurs profits à court terme que du bien commun, renforcer leur emprise sur les choix sociaux et économiques du monde ? Les enceintes restreintes réservées aux plus puissants seront-elles privilégiées pour décider du sort du monde entier et de son futur ?

Les représentants gouvernementaux se doivent de dépasser les intérêts nationaux et les gains de court terme s’ils souhaitent parvenir à un accord satisfaisant pour respecter la dignité et la participation de tous les  Etats, notamment les plus fragiles, et ne pas mettre en péril les discussions sur le développement durable et le climat.

L’écart est actuellement gigantesque entre les objectifs recherchés (agenda transformatif, changement de modèle économique et social,…) et les solutions proposées (place accrue des grandes entreprises, règles internationales toujours définies par les pays les plus puissants,…) dans les documents préparatoires.

D’un côté, les pays riches (pour la plupart membres de l’OCDE) souhaitent faire appel massivement au secteur privé pour financer cet agenda par des incitations et un environnement favorable aux affaires et privilégient les espaces de décision restreints et contrôlés par eux-mêmes (OCDE, G20, institutions financières internationales,…) plutôt que les espaces plus inclusifs (ONU).

Ils refusent par exemple pour l’instant que les règles fiscales internationales puissent être discutées et décidées dans un cadre onusien, préférant l’OCDE dont sont exclus la majorité des pays. Ces derniers ne peuvent donc pas y faire valoir leurs besoins et leurs attentes pour pouvoir mobiliser correctement leurs propres ressources et lutter efficacement contre l’évasion fiscale. C’est aussi le cas des problèmes de dettes, enjeu actuellement traité par le Club de Paris qui ne regroupe que les pays créanciers.

De leur côté, les pays en développement (en général membres du G77 et Chine, soit 134 pays), soutenus en cela par les organisations de société civile demandent des mécanismes plus inclusifs dans des cadres onusiens en ce qui concerne la gouvernance économique et financière mondiale .

Certains de ces pays semblent trop conciliants pour attirer les investissements et/ou peu soucieux de mettre en place des mesures garantissant le respect des droits et de l’environnement. Or il convient de veiller à ce que les grandes entreprises, guidés par la recherche de profits élevés et rapides, soient contraintes de respecter les normes sociales, culturelles, environnementales et fiscales pour assurer une réelle contribution au développement durable.

De plus, on peut craindre que ces facilités accordées au secteur privé engendrent une financiarisation excessive de l’économie avec des conséquences effroyables pour des pays dont les systèmes de supervision bancaire restent fragiles. C’est à la finance de se mettre au service de la réalisation du bien commun et non l’inverse !

Les débats font en outre clairement apparaitre la volonté des pays riches de fondre le processus politique du Financement du Développement dans celui plus large de l’agenda Post 2015 pour le Développement Durable. Or cet espace politique centré sur le Financement du Développement est actuellement le seul au monde permettant de discuter de l’architecture économique et financière globale en regroupant l’ensemble des Etats de la planète et les parties prenantes (agences onusiennes et financières, secteur privé, société civile).

Reléguer ce processus politique au rang de sous partie de l’agenda Post 2015 revient à le faire disparaitre progressivement au profit des cadres très peu inclusifs que sont le G20, l’OCDE ou les IFIs (FMI et Banque Mondiale).

Caritas Internationalis attache une grande importance à la réussite de cette Conférence où les Etats doivent s’engager à financer le développement des pays pauvres et à mettre en place des règles internationales inclusives et équitables, permettant une allocation équitable des ressources et évitant que les activités débridées du secteur privé et des marchés spéculatifs aient des impacts négatifs sur les populations, notamment les plus vulnérables, et sur l’environnement.

 

Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle

Président de Caritas Internationalis

Caritas Day “One Human Family, Food for All”

June 22, 2015

By Cecilia Agrinya-Owan

Expo Caritas Parade photo by Alberto Arciniega

Caritas Internationalis holds Caritas Day in Milan Tuesday, May 19, 2015 at the EXPO 2015 Milano to raise awareness and promote the importance of food security.

The “One Human Family, Food for All” campaign was launched on the 10th of December 2013 by the Holy father Pope Francis. The campaign aims to eradicate poverty by 2025 through creating awareness of this issue, empowering local farmers and improving their access to land to enable them grow their food and also engaging government at all levels to address issues of hunger by formulating and implementing policies that are pro-poor.

165 Caritas member countries gathered in Milan, Italy to discuss these issues and to share success stories on the support to the poor and vulnerable from around the world.

Cardinal Oscar Maradiaga, ex Caritas Internationalis President, who started the campaign, in his opening speech said “there is sufficient food in the world but we still need to remove the inequalities in the world for all to have access to food”.

He noted that the goal of the “One Human Family, Food for All” campaign is to eradicate hunger, promote the right to food and guarantee food security for everyone by 2025.

Cardinal Maradiaga stated that “805 million people in the world go on an empty stomach and do not know how to feed their families” and that we need to guarantee access to healthy food for all and share with one another out food and food proceeds “as everything which is shared is multiplied.

Similarly, incoming president of Caritas Internationalis Cardinal Luis Antonio G. Tagle emphasized that “We are One Human Family united by hunger. It is not just about food but it is the same hunger that unites us”.

“We tell the world; do not be afraid of faith. Faith will not destroy humanity. Faith makes us closer to human beings. Faith makes us courageous to love and to serve. That is Caritas that is what we are celebrating. The power of love towards the most needy with no ambition, our only desire is to love because we believe,” said Cardinal Tagle.

Caritas Day was concluded with a plea by Caritas leaders urging everyone to do their bits in reaching out to their brothers and sisters in love while appealing to world leaders and the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon, as priority to discuss during one of sessions of the UN meetings issues on access to food and the need to eradicate hunger in the world”.

In-coming President of Caritas Africa shares vision for the poor

June 22, 2015

By Cecilia Agrinya-Owan

Most. Rev. Gabriel Justice Yaw Anokye, Archbishop of Kumasi, Ghana, and second Vice President of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar (SECAM) who is also in charge of Justice and Peace Commission. He is the newly elected President of Caritas Africa at the just concluded 8th Pan-African Conference, on Monday, May 11, 2015 at the ongoing Caritas General Assembly in Rome.

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Most. Rev. Gabriel Justice Yaw Anokye.

In this interview, he shares his vision of a Church for the Poor in Africa as Caritas and also the relationship between Caritas, Justice and Peace Commission.

 Q. What does the General Assembly mean for delegates from Africa?

A. Caritas Africa attends this 20th General Assembly in fidelity and in brotherliness as one family. This year as the theme tells us we all want to care for creation, we are one human family, one creation and every part of this family must come together to think of the whole.

We have also come to join our brothers and sisters from other Caritas member countries to form one big family, share success stories and challenges while learning from each other how to chart the way forward to achieve our mission and vision of serving the poor and caring for creation as Caritas.

Q. Looking at what the Pope says about a “Church for the Poor”, what does this mean in Africa?

A. The mission of Christ as announced by Himself in Isaiah Chapter 51 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, He has anointed me to bring the good news to the poor…” Similarly, in Christ’s sermon on the Mount; the first Beatitudes says “Blessed are the poor in spirit”.

So you can see that Him though rich in His divinity became poor (Philippians 2:6), in order to make us wealthy, divinized to share in His riches; this is the philosophy, theology, vision and indeed the mission of Christ; to raise the poor, to bring the lowly to a higher level, He didn’t come to save angels or raise again those who are already high up but to raise the poor, lowly, widows, orphans and strangers. These categories of people we call the poor are treated as the apples of His eyes and are kept very well by God Himself who hears the cry of the poor.

Therefore, Caritas which is issued out from the heart of the Church’s missionary and charity activities must also care for the poor. We do support the Pope as he reminds us of our duty to care for the poor. So for the Church to be able to serve the poor must be poor “a Poor Church” to be able to enter the ghettos, the sowetos, the zongos of our villages and hard-to-reach communities support the poor where they are as Caritas (Church).

Q. Going forward, looking at your role of being in charge of Justice and Peace Commission, how do you see Caritas and Justice Peace working together in member countries of the African Region, especially where there exist in parallel?

A. Before my election as President of Caritas Africa, I was and I still am the second Vice President the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar (SECAM). As the second Vice President, I am in charge of Justice and Peace Commission, Good Governance, Advocacy and Lobbying (talking for and against), I’m also in-charge development, migration and health. All these areas concern the human being as the focus of our activities. As we speak for justices and advocate for human rights, we are doing the work of Caritas, the work of love. Because if I look for justice for others, advocate for peace, good governance, transparency and accountability from African leaders to ensure growth and development for the common man, I am showing love which means Caritas. Bringing food to the suffering, visiting those who are sick or in prison, being in solidarity with those affected by earthquake and other natural and man-made disasters, is the visible part of justice, peace and reconciliation.

Justice, peace, development and reconciliation are integrated into the work of Caritas. One is more visible and the other structural but the two go together.

Q. As the new President, what is your vision of Caritas Africa?

A. Let me start by referring you to what Jesus himself said in Matthew 7:15 “I came to fulfill not to abolish”. In line with this, whatever vision there is already for Caritas Africa is what I am going to fulfill and our vision is to “give life in abundance” (John 10:10), I am not going to change that vision to fulfill it by making sure it is owned by everybody, loved, cherished and implemented. I am going to talk about it, remind members of the African region (46). The mission to achieving this is surely to bring people to know it, talk about it more, form people and also commission people do precisely that. So I am going to align with the old vision of Caritas Africa and ensuring that we achieve our mission of reaching out in love to our brothers and sisters who are in need.

A discussion with Jacques Dinan

June 22, 2015

By Cecilia Agrinya-Owan

Jacques Dinan, from Mauritius, is the outgoing Executive Secretary of Caritas Africa, one of the seven regions of Caritas Internationalis. As a member of the Caritas Internationalis Confederation Secretariat’s Team, he participated actively in the preparation of the 2015-2019 CI Strategic Framework which has been adopted by the 20th CI General Assembly on 17 May 2015.

As Executive Secretary Emeritus of Caritas Africa, Jacques is known and referred to by many as an excellent communicator, a visionary leader and an energetic and efficient coordinator, with a great passion for what he does. In this interview he speaks about the importance of Caritas Africa at the 20th General Assembly, the role of Caritas in promoting the global civilisation of love and the need to increase visibility of Caritas.

Michel and Jacques

Michel Roy, Caritas Internationalis Secretary General, (left) thanking Jacques Dinan at the end of his two terms of service as Caritas Africa Executive Secretary.

Q. What does it mean for Caritas Africa to be present at the General Assembly?

A. Caritas Africa is one of the seven regions of Caritas Internationalis. So being present at the General Assembly is part of our responsibility and this time we have quite a good delegation; 41 countries out of 46 in the region.

This shows that Caritas members in Africa are committed to the confederation and that is extremely important because in the confederation you are part of it, you have the support of other members but you also have to support other members as well. It is a family and in a family whether you are small or big, poor or rich, you are a member of the family and you have to behave as a member of the family because too often we say we are a family but we do not at all times behave as a family.

Q. What are your expectations of the new governance of Caritas?

A. At the level of Caritas Africa we have Archbishop of Kumasi, Ghana, Most Rev Gabriel Justice Yaw Anokye; he is a dynamic Archbishop, who will certainly build further with the Regional Commission members on what we have been doing during the past 8 years. Most of the members of the Regional Commission have been on the Commission for the past four years. So this means continuity and building up because we have to move forward.

Africa is a difficult continent with so many emergencies: diseases, droughts, cyclones, floods and of course human made emergencies like socio-political conflicts, and terrorism. Therefore, we need to have a strong Caritas that can mobilize resources. I believe that mobilizing resources is important, not just money but the population, the faithful, governments so that all together we move forward. Too often I hear people say it’s the job of Caritas but if you are a Catholic, Caritas is you; Caritas is all of us and if you are not a Catholic at least you can support but you can only support if you know what Caritas is doing. We have to tell people what we are doing and this doesn’t mean boasting ourselves but giving information about what we are doing and my greatest frustration at times is that we do so much, yet very few people know about it.

At the confederation we also have a new President, His Eminence Cardinal Luis Tagle, whom I know is also someone who is fast moving and dynamic and I’m sure he also will give more dynamism to our work in the confederation. This doesn’t mean we don’t have dynamism but that we can have more dynamism, we can always move further; the poor can’t wait, we cannot decide to this and not do that but we have to do all we can because the challenges are great. I always believe that where there is a will there is a way! If we don’t put the bar high enough we won’t reach anything but if we put the bar very high we can at least do 70-75%, or even more of what we set out to do in the service of the poor and underprivileged.

Q. Can the newly developed Caritas Africa Strategic Framework (2015-2019), live up to the theme of this Regional Conference (Love of Christ Urges us: Together in Service to the Poor)?

A. Yes, in Africa we have a Strategic Framework which has six Strategic Orientations and some people think it is too bold to do it but I believe we can do it.

We must remember that we are 46 countries in the Africa Region and the strategic orientations are for these 46 countries and not only for the regional secretariat. The priorities can differ from one country to another. The point is that we should all be able to look at our specific context, challenges and realities in our own zone, area or even diocese and parish. What is important is to have a framework, to be able to pick up one or two things that one would like to focus on.  What is important is that we all tend to move forward together.

We have to mobilize resources.  Local resources are often insufficiently tapped – human, financial and material resources as well! We should look at how we can tap these resources, how we can bring them together especially, how we can prepare for emergencies, and reconciliation which goes hand-in-hand with man-made crises in many countries today.

We, as Caritas, must be some sort of catalyst, we have to bring people together, not forgetting that charity is one of the three pillars of the Church, we are not doing it as a form of generosity but as a duty not just for Bishops and priests but also for the faithful.

 

A. Ignorance is what we have to fight!

The Pope talks about the Globalization of Indifference! Why are people indifferent? One reason is because they don’t know. They are ignorant of what is happening and this is terrible. It is like being in front of a big problem and ignoring the problem.

To start with, we have to let people know. Bring about knowledge. Knowledge will bring sympathy, compassion and empathy. So the first duty we have in terms of communication is to inform about what we are doing.

Today, we have all sorts of means to inform. People have television sets but are we always aware of what is happening close to us, where we live, in our country, in our continent? Of course, most of the times we are knowledgeable about the big events happening round the world but what about the small issues that go unnoticed? What about the sufferings of the poor in our parish, Diocese or in our country to start with? Do we communicate internally? We must first communicate properly internally to be able to communicate well externally. Do we know what is happening next door to us, with our neighbour for instance? Communication needs to be improved at all levels. We need to foster a culture of communication within every Caritas so that communication becomes quite natural internally and externally.

So Caritas has got to be the linking pin between people, starting from the parish, within families and members of the community.

We must care for our neighbours; care for other parishes, Dioceses and countries. Somebody told me the following, a few days ago:  “When we had a problem we were pleased to receive a solidarity message from Caritas Africa but we received nothing from countries next door to us!” Sending a solidarity note is not much, but such a little sign of attention shows that you are caring first of all. When you care then you will be able to also get the support of others. We have a solidarity fund for instance in Caritas Africa, we do get some support but we do have to get more support. We have to remember that charity begins at home and this means that we have to begin with our local support and not just turn around looking for countries abroad to help us. This means that we have to change our mind-set. There must be a paradigm shift. We must fundraise locally even if we can get only 5% or 10% of what we need to cover our expenses. Too often the normal reaction is to say who can help us from abroad instead of saying what can we do first of all in our own country to get the faithful and the population at large, including the Government and the Private sector, to support us in our work in the service of the poor and underprivileged .

I believe that this is partly due to ignorance. We are not visible enough and our achievements are not known. We have the duty of changing this situation of ignorance into knowledge. Also, we have too often in the past been supported from abroad.  I am not saying that we should be totally self-sufficient, autonomous or independent but we should be able to raise some funds locally and mobilize resources, create awareness and sensitize. All these are important and then only will people: the faithful, the population at large, governments, institutions and private sectors be ready to support us.

On behalf of the Communications Officers in the region I wish to use this medium to thank Mr. Jacques Dinan, for his untiring guidance and for creating a budding platform for communication in the region. We wish him God’s blessings and the very best in all his endeavours. God bless you Jacques! 

Caritas Africa e-magazine – June/Juin/Junho 2015 – No. 22

June 22, 2015

Cover picture

Caritas Africa e-magazine – Number 21 – March/mars/março 2015

March 24, 2015

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