Originally posted on Caritas, Love in Action:
In the 2008 to 2012 Caritas Zambia Strategic Plan, we aimed at strengthening community structures that will influence democratic governance and equal participation of men and women in development. Our first indicator for this Objective was to measure the Improvement in household income
The fish farming trainings, conducted by the Caritas Zambia programme, helped greatly to improve participants’ agribusiness and entrepreneurship skills. To this effect, 685(231 females and 454 males) participating farmers who underwent trainings in fish farming constructed a total of 126 fish ponds. In the process, 41,000 fingerlings were introduced into the ponds. The farmers sold their fish at ZMK20,000 (2011 local currency), per kilogramme after harvesting every 6 months.
At the beginning of the programme in 2008, Caritas Kasama put up 7 fish ponds in 7 centres for demonstration and for fingerling breeding. This guaranteed a steady supply of fingerlings to 13 ponds. Caritas Kasama in…
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His Eminence Cardinal Peter Turkson, President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, will depart for Sierra Leone on 16 December and then proceed to Liberia on 18 December. “These are two of the three countries most affected by Ebola Virus Disease. In total the World Health Organization reports some 18,000 confirmed, probable or suspected cases, and more than 6,500 deaths resulting from this disease.” The Cardinal hopes to bring “a message of solidarity and hope to the Church, health workers and the general populations.”
Cardinal Turkson (left) will be accompanied by Monsignor Robert J. Vitillo (right), Special Advisor on Health for Caritas Internationalis. “The Church, including Caritas, religious congregations, and other organizations of Catholic inspiration have been in the ‘front lines’ of the Ebola response,” said Vitillo. “In addition to providing health care for other illnesses and establishing strict infection control procedures and screening areas in order to prevent transmission of the virus in the health care setting, the Church has mobilized a community response and community education in order to engage clergy and local parish groups in efforts to stop the spread of this deadly virus.”
The Cardinal observed that the impact of this epidemic goes far beyond the health sector. “The closing of businesses and other places of employment has raised havoc with an already fragile economy. Experts tell us that the social costs are very serious; because the schools are closed, teenage pregnancies are on the increase, as well as petty crimes, as young people wander the streets with no productive activity. Ebola orphans often are rejected by their extended family members even when they have been confirmed as ‘Ebola free’.”
Cardinal Turkson also recognized “the need to help priests and other pastoral care workers attend to the spiritual needs of those living with the infection and of their loved ones. We must treat the whole person not just their bodies. Even though there is a ‘no touch’ policy in these countries, it is possible for pastoral care workers to pray with from a safe distance, to counsel them, to bless them, and to officiate at their funeral rites, which must be coordinated by specialized burial teams.”
“On several occasions,” Turkson concluded, “the Holy Father has expressed his deep concern for the people living with and affected by Ebola. I hope to give expression to the solidarity of the Pope and the entire Church.”
During his General Audience on 24 October 2014, Pope Francis said, “In the face of the worsening Ebola epidemic, I would like to express my deep concern about this relentless disease that is spreading on the African continent, especially among the more disadvantaged groups. I am close with love and prayer to those stricken, as well as to the doctors, nurses, volunteers, religious institutes and associations, who are working heroically to help our sick brothers and sisters. I renew my appeal that the International Community exert all necessary effort to weaken this virus, effectively alleviating the hardship and suffering of all those so sorely tried. I invite you to pray for them and for those who have lost their lives.”(1)
 Pope Francis during the General Audience, 29 October 2014
Faith-based groups leave Melbourne conference with new commitment to leave no one behind in struggle against HIV and AIDSJuly 26, 2014
As researchers, activists and policy makers prepare to leave Melbourne at the conclusion of the 20th International AIDS Conference, they possess a new confidence that advances in treatment can mean an eventual end to the AIDS epidemic. Yet new testing mechanisms, antiretroviral medications, and government funding strategies alone won’t be enough to transform HIV infection from a global public health emergency to a manageable chronic disease. Religious leaders who came to Melbourne warn that making real the refrain of “nobody left behind” will also mean recognizing that faith-based groups must continue to play a major role in the comprehensive struggle against the virus.
Luiz Loures, the UNAIDS deputy executive director of program, told religious leaders on the eve of the conference that a complete response to the epidemic won’t be possible without the continuing involvement of faith-based groups.
“We have the tools. We have the science that we need. Yet there is no way to treat people if they have no access to care because they are afraid, or because they are women, or because they are a migrant, or because they need to hide to survive,” Loures said.
The global AIDS ambassador of the U.S. government, Deborah Birx, told the faith leaders in Melbourne that their “compassion and passion for this work continue to be the heartbeat of the response to HIV,” yet she also expressed concern about the role of some religious groups in fomenting discrimination in Africa, where anti-gay legislation has led to violence against sexual minorities.
The Rev. Michael Schuenemeyer, a pastor in the United States and executive director of the United Church of Christ HIV and AIDS Network, said responsible faith leaders need to put their religious houses in order if nobody is going to be left behind.
“Some religious leaders and communities are indeed part of the problem. That’s a challenge for us. We need to create spaces where we can engage in dialogue, and appeal to the sense of empathy and compassion that almost every faith community carries. We need to hold each other accountable, and that may require some of us to more boldly confront the negative rhetoric that causes harm, puts people at risk, and supports laws that criminalize HIV, sexuality and gender identity,” he said.
The Rev. Phumzile Mabizela, a South African Presbyterian minister, said the anti-gay legislation is setting back the struggle against AIDS.
“The new laws and even the discussion of the new laws have promoted a lot of fear. People are scared of going to clinics or hospitals. They don’t know whom to trust,” said Mabizela, the executive director of the International Network of Religious Leaders Living with or Personally Affected by HIV and AIDS (INERELA+).
“We as a faith community should stand up and fight against this. It puts the lives of our most at-risk communities even more at risk. The more we discriminate against them, the more we stigmatize them, and the less likely they are to come forward for the resources they need.”
While homophobia is provoking violence in some areas, complacency has become a common problem in other parts of the world, primarily in the global north.
“In the United States, western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, complacency has become a problem,” said Father Robert Vitillo, a special advisor on HIV and AIDS to Caritas Internationalis. “Because we have relatively low levels of infection, and most people who are positive are on medications, we think the problem is solved. But that’s not the case. High income countries have had a steady rate of new infections for several years, yet they’re lecturing everyone else on how to reduce their new infections.”
Vitillo said this “lack of awareness” takes on even more dangerous overtones when PrEP becomes available, a reference to Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis. “With PrEP people can develop a sense that they don’t have to worry about infection anymore. So they can have all the sexual encounters they want, or inject any drugs they want, with a perception that they’re protected from HIV. But there are other diseases that they can acquire. We’re in danger, but there’s widespread denial about the danger,” he said.
According to Ulysses Burley III, a U.S. physician who is a leader for HIV care within the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, young people in the United States, particularly African-American young men who have sex with men, are at a particular risk of being left behind in the struggle against HIV and AIDS.
“If Black America were its own country, it would be ranked 16th in the world in terms of HIV infections, above countries like Botswana and Ethiopia and Haiti. So as we discuss the global epidemic, I don’t want the US epidemic to be left behind, especially young African-American men who have sex with men,” he said.
Insuring their inclusion in the HIV response means churches have to establish new ways of reaching young people. “You can’t do outreach to a population to which you don’t have access,” Burley said. “It also means the church has to deal better with sex and sexuality, not as a separate theme, but as something integral to our spirituality.”
Changes in international funding for HIV testing, treatment and education will jeopardize continued progress against the virus, many religious workers in Melbourne warned. Of particular concern is a shift in funding, especially by the U.S. government, away from AIDS programs in countries where growing economies have moved the nations from being considered “poor” to now being labeled “middle income.”
Vitillo said that’s a mistake.
It’s true that a small number of people are getting richer and richer, and a country’s GNP may have risen into the middle income category, but the situation of the poor is often worse. And some governments claim they can handle all of their own health care, but they really can’t, and what they do provide they tend to concentrate in the large cities. As a result, the churches that have been providing care in rural areas have less access to funding today,” he said.
Assuring that nobody gets left behind, Vitillo said, will require fundamental policy shifts.
“It means much more equitable sharing of resources. We keep hearing there’s no money. But there is plenty of money. Governments just have the wrong priorities in how to spend it. If we took some of the funding that now goes to weapons and spent it in the struggle for development, we could take care of HIV and AIDS much more quickly,” he said.
Financial decisions at national levels are also increasing the risk of leaving whole segments of the population behind. In India, for example, the government this year ended 13 years of collaboration and funding for Catholic mission hospitals and community care centers.
“The government decided to close these and announced that people should go to the government health facilities. But those aren’t really capable of handling the complex multiple needs of HIV-infected people, especially complicated cases and those in the end stages of care,” said Father Mathew Perumpil, who coordinates HIV work for the Catholic Church in India.
Perumpil said the church decided to keep the centers open, even without government funding.
“We were the first to open our doors to people living with HIV. We didn’t start these programs because of the government. We started them because of the people. So many of the centers remain open and continue providing services. But that puts us in a huge bind. Where do the resources come from? The patients can’t pay,” he said.
While the Indian government continues providing antiretroviral medications at no cost, church-run hospitals and centers are now struggling to raise their own funding for other services.
Perumpil said the people most at risk of being left behind in the HIV response in India are women living in the countryside.
“The poor, the people without voices, are always the ones who are left behind. They aren’t the key populations that get lots of attention and money from the international community. They are poor women in villages who still know nothing about HIV and end up getting infected by their husbands who are working elsewhere. They are the people who are still left behind,” the priest said. “You don’t see them in Melbourne because this conference is too expensive for any of them to attend. They are marginalized not because of their sexual orientation, but simply because they’re poor. The church is close to them, and the church has to do a lot more in solidarity with them.”
Despite the work of faith-based organizations in response to HIV around the world, the groups have always received a mixed reaction at the international AIDS conferences. While there has always been appreciation from many for the faith groups’ commitment to caring for affected people long before it became fashionable, some have wanted to accuse all religious groups of fomenting stigma and discrimination.
It was often a lively conversation. Yet according to Sara Speicher, the interim executive director of the Ecumenical Advocacy Alliance (EAA), such controversy has been replaced with silence.
“In the speeches here about human rights there has been no mention of faith-based organizations,” she said. “Whatever your opinion is about this, faith-based groups were involved from the beginning in the development of the international human rights framework and many see rights as integral to their witness. At the same time, we know that some religious leaders and communities have problems with rights-based language and activism. One way or another, these issues need to be recognized, and we have to be involved in these discussions.”
Speicher said she knew of several EAA members who took the issue up with presenters, who acknowledged, after the fact, the need to include everyone in the conversation. “But it didn’t seem to occur to them ahead of time,” Speicher said. “If we’re going to make sure that faith-based groups can continue our struggle that nobody gets left behind in the response to HIV, we’re also going to have to make sure our own voices are heard. That’s something we will have to work on, as we look towards AIDS 2016 in Durban, South Africa.”
By Paul Jeffrey
Caritas Africa regroups 46 sub-Saharan African countries. The areas of intervention of Caritas in these countries are quite varied and cover a very wide scope of activities, ranging from Food Security/Agriculture/ Nutrition to Election Monitoring/Civic Education. The illustration refers to 2013.
Bishop Dieudonné Nzapalainga, Archbishop of Bangui and president of Caritas Central Africa has announced with deep regret the news of the assassination of Father Christ Forman WILIBONA from the Diocese of Bossangoa. He was killed on Friday, April 18, 2014 by a group of armed men in TALE .
His murder came after the kidnapping of Archbishop Nestor-Désiré Nongo AZIAGBYA , Bishop of Bossangoa and three other priests of the diocese in Batangafo by former Seleka fighters on Wednesday, April 16, 2014 during their Easter time pastoral tour.
Bishop Dieudonné notes with bitterness the upsurge in religious-oriented violence especially in the north-western part of the country.
He denounces and condemns these barbaric acts of another age that could challenge the desired national reconciliation efforts.
He invites all the Central Africans as well as all men and women of good will to pray for the return of peace and security in this country and have their heart in dialogue and reconciliation.
He appeals to the government to restore the rule of law and to the forces of the Sangaris operation and of the Misca to disarm all militias and guarantee the free movement of people throughout the territory.
Monseigneur Dieudonné NZAPALAINGA, Archevêque de Bangui et president de Caritas Centrafrique, annonce avec un grand regret la nouvelle de l’assassinat de l’Abbé Christ Forman WILIBONA, du diocèse de Bossangoa, tué le vendredi 18 avril 2014 par un groupe d’hommes armés à TALE.
Son assassinat survint après la prise en otage de Monseigneur Désiré-Nestor NONGO AZIAGBYA, évêque de Bossangoa et de trois autres prêtres du diocèse survenue à Batangafo du fait de combattants de l’ex Seleka le mercredi 16 avril 2014 à l’occasion de la tournée pastorale du temps de Pâques.
Mgr Dieudonné constate avec amertume la recrudescence des actes de violence orientés vers les religieux notamment vers ceux qui se trouvent dans la partie Nord-Ouest du pays.
Il dénonce et condamne ces actes barbares d’un autre âge qui pourraient remettre en question les efforts de réconciliation nationale tant recherchée.
Il invite tous les centrafricains ainsi que tous les hommes et femmes de bonne volonté à prier pour le retour de la paix et de la sécurité dans ce pays et à disposer leur cœur au dialogue et à la réconciliation.
Il lance un appel au gouvernement afin qu’il restaure l’Etat de droit et aux forces de l’opération Sangaris et de la Misca pour qu’elles désarment toutes les milices et garantissent la libre circulation des personnes sur toute l’étendue du territoire.
C’est avec un grand regret que la Caritas Centrafrique a appris l’information selon laquelle, Monseigneur Nestor AZAGBYA NONGO, évêque de Bossangoa et certains prêtres du diocèse ont été pris en otage par les ex-combattants de la Seleka en la date de mercredi 16 avril 2014 à Batangafo lors d’une tournée pastorale en vue de préparation en la fête Pascale.
Ces hommes armés les auraient emmenés à KABO à la frontière Centrafricano-Tchadienne.
Les éléments de la MISCA ont pu arrêter le convoi qui se dirigeait vers le Tchad.
La Caritas Centrafrique par le biais de son Président dénonce les pratiques faites par les éléments des ex-combattants de la Séléka sur les hommes de Dieu.
Fait à Bangui, le 17 Avril 2014
Le Secrétaire Exécutif National